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    高二英語語法復習第十章非謂語動詞講解

    2022-01-041 9.99元 30頁 1.52 MB
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    高中英語語法復習非謂語動詞講解,概述:謂語動詞:在句子從充當謂語的動詞.Iamplayingthepianonow.非謂語動詞:是動詞的特殊形式,在句中可以作除謂語外的所有成分。非謂存在的條件:一個句子當中,已經存在一個主句(謂語動詞),又沒有連詞的情況下,還有別的動詞出現時。Shegotoffthebus,leavingherhandbagonherseat.Shegotoffthebus,butleftherhandbagonherseat.,分類:非謂語動詞動詞不定式todo動名詞-ing分詞現在分詞-ing過去分詞-ed,分類:,分類:,分類:,分類:,分類:非謂語動詞大都可在句中作主語、賓語、賓語補足語、表語、定語、狀語等.1.Toseeyouisglad.=It’sgladtoseeyou.2.Iwanttoseeyou.3.Iwanthimtoseeyou.4.Myhopeistoseeyou.5.Heisthemantoseeyou.6.I’mgladtoseeyou.7.Iwenttoseeyou.8.Hewentsoearlyastoseeyou(作主語)(作賓語)(作賓補)(作表語)(作定語)(作原因狀語)(作目的狀語)(作結果狀語),分類:1.Swimmingishisfavouritesport.2.Heenjoysswimming.3.Ifoundhimswimmingintheriver.4.Hisfavouritesportisswimming.5.Heisthemanswimmingintheriverjustnow.6.SwimminginSummer,wecangetcool.(作主語)(作賓語)(作賓補)(作表語)(作定語)(作狀語),分類:1.Thiscupisbroken.2.Thisisabrokencup.3.Ifoundthecupbroken.4.BrokenbyTom,thecupcan’tbeused.★過去分詞一般不作主語、賓語.(作表語)(作定語)(作賓語補足語)(作狀語),分詞用法的區別:-ing和-edA.在時態上1.Chinaisadevelopingcountry=acountrywhichisdeveloping.2.Japanisadevelopedcountry=acountrywhichhasdeveloped.3.Ifoundhimgone.=thathehadgone.(表完成)ing分詞表“進行”ed分詞表“完成”,分詞用法的區別:-ing和-ed▲B.在語態上,ing分詞表“主動”,ed分詞表“被動”(多為及物動詞)1.Isawhimwritingashortnovel.(主動寫)2.HewasreadinganovelwrittenbyCharlesDickens.(被寫)▲在概念上,ing.表“抽象、習慣”,不定式表“具體、偶然、將來”.*Swimming(抽象)ismyfavouritesportandIlikeswimming(習慣)everyday,butIdon’tliketoswim(具體)today,Iwouldliketoswim(將來)tomorrow.,分詞用法的區別:-ing和-edC.▲ed+主句(不強調時間先后);BrokenbyTom,thecupcan’tbeused.Beinged+主句(強調主句和從句動作同時發生);Beingpunishedbyherteacher,shewasunhappy.Havingbeened+主句(強調時間先后)Afterhavingbeeninterviewed,shewasofferedthejob.,??脊潭ù钆洌合铝袆釉~通常用~ing形式作賓語:admit,report,appreciate感激,deny否認,explain,mention,resist抵抗,stand,stop,imagine,recall,suggest,mind,finish,enjoy,keep,practise,miss,avoid,delay,excuse,escape,consider,advise等。下列動詞常用不定式todo作賓語:aim,ask,dare,appear,arrange,demand,help,hesitate,pay,plan,wait,fail,seek,prepare,happen,prove,expect,wish,hope,decide,refuse,offer,learn,agree,choose,promise,pretend,manage,care,determine,afford等。,漢語意思英文搭配1請求某人做某事____________sb.todosth.2懇求某人做某事____________sb.todosth.3邀請某人干某事____________sb.todosth.4叫某人做某事____________sb.todosth.5提醒某人做某事____________sb.todosth.6鼓勵某人做某事____________sb.todosth.7激勵某人做某事____________sb.todosth.8敦促某人做某事____________sb.todosth.askbeginvitetellremindencourageinspireurge,漢語意思英文搭配9要求某人做某事____________sb.todosth.10建議某人做某事____________sb.todosth.11說服某人做某事____________sb.todosth.12指派某人做某事____________sb.todosth.13導致某人做某事____________sb.todosth.14強迫某人做某事____________sb.todosth.15答應某人做某事____________sb.todosth.16警告某人做某事____________sb.todosth.require/requestadviseconvince/persuadeappointcauseforcepromisewarn,漢語意思英文搭配17允許某人做某事____________sb.todosth.18禁止某人做某事____________sb.todosth.19希望某人做某事____________sb.todosth.20想要某人做某事____________sb.todosth.21建議某人做某事____________sb.todosth.22說服某人做某事____________sb.todosth.wouldlike/wantwaitforallow/permitforbid/prohibitwish/desire/expectcallon,??脊潭ù钆洌?即時鞏固練習⑴用所給動詞的todo或~doing形式填空:1)Theywereexpecting____(get)theresultsoftheexamination.2)Willyouadvisemewhichofthem____(buy)?3)Onthebustheyoungmanpretended____(notsee)theoldwomanstandingbesidehim.togettobuynottosee,即時鞏固練習⑴用所給動詞的todo或~doing形式填空:4)WeallconsiderJohn_____(be)anhonestboy.5)Ourbossforbids_____(chat)duringofficehours.6)Therulesdonotpermitplayers____(step)outofbounds.7)Theboybeggedtopermithim____(explain).8)Theyoungmanimagined_____(live)onalonelyisland.tobechattingtosteptoexplaintolive,即時鞏固練習⑴用所給動詞的todo或~doing形式填空:9)Sheenjoys______(practise)_______(dance)beforethelargemirror.10)Bytakingthebackway,heescaped______(see).11)I’dprefer______(stay)herewaitingforhisarrival.12)Asthemeetingwasbeginning,weallstopped____(talk).practisingdancingseeingstayingtalking,即時鞏固練習⑴用所給動詞的todo或~doing形式填空:13)ThiskindofcarisnicebutIcan’tafford___(buy)one.14)I’msorryIforgot____(tell)youaboutthemeeting.15)Shetried____(comfort)mebysayingsomefunnythings16)Goingonwaitingheremeans____(waste)ourtime.17)Theywenton____(work)inthefieldsinspiteoftheheavyrain.tobuytotelltocomfortwastingworking,分詞用法的區別:-ing和-ed-ing--------sth-ed--------sb,即時鞏固練習(2)用所給動詞的-ing或-ed形式填空:1)Thejourneywasquite______.(tire)2)Thestoryisvery________.Weare_______init.(interest)3、Theresultoftheexammademe_________.(disappoint)4)Thiswasreallyan_______moment.(excite)5)The___________boycouldn'tbelievehisears.(astonish)6)Itwasa______story.Wedidn'twanttolistenagain.(bore)7)Heseemedquite_______attheidea.(delight)8)Theproblemwasquite________.(press)9)Thepresentsituationis_________.(encourage)10)Iwas_______atwhatshesaid.(puzzle)tiringinterestinginteresteddisappointedexcitingastonishedboringdelightedpressingencouragingpuzzled,做題技巧:,即時鞏固練習(3)用正確的非謂形式填空:1)Theman__________(question)inthepolicestationnowisaspy.2)Aman_______(respect)otherswillberespected.3)shecanfindnoone_______(make)friendswith.4)Isthereanybody_______(answer)thequestion?5)Halfoftheguests_______(invite)totheconferencewereforeigners.6)Thematter_________(discuss)isveryimportant.7)Shewasthenaprofessor_______(love)byallherstudents.8)Withmuchmoney________(spend),theboyformedabadhabit.由于花了許多錢,男生養成了壞毛病9)Withmuchmoneytobespent,shedanceswithjoy.由于有許多錢將要被花,她高興得跳舞questionedrespectingtomakeansweringinvitedtobediscussedlovedspent,非謂語動詞的常用句型::在thefirst,thesecond…,thelast和only之后,只能用todo*Ittakes+時間+todo…花費時間做某事*…spend/waste+時間金錢+doing…花費時間金錢做某事*…hadbetter+do….最好做*…wouldrather+do…thando….寧愿做,而不做*…prefer+todo(ratherthando)….更喜歡做*It'snouse/good+doing…做什么是無用的*It'sawasteoftime+doing…做什么是浪費時間的*…beworth+doing…./beworthyof+beingdone值得做,非謂語動詞的常用句型::*It'sworthwhile+doing值得做*Wouldyoumind+doing...?你介意做...*Wouldyoulike/care+todo...?你想要做...*...havenochoicebut+todo..../..,donothingbut+do沒有選擇,只能做...*...too...+todo太...而不能做*...beusedto+doing(習慣做)*...havesb+do/havesb(sth)+doing讓某人做某事havesth+done讓某事被做*...happened+todo發生了什么,即時鞏固練習(4)用正確的非謂形式填空:1)Afterhisjourneyfromabroad,RichardJonesreturnedhome,_________(exhaust).2)Generally______(speak),When_____(take)accordingtothedirections,thedrughasnosideeffect.3)Though_______(lack)money,hisparentsmanaged______(send)himtouniversity.4)Withalotofdifficultproblems__________(settle),thenewly-electedpresidentishavingahardtime.5)Sandycoulddonothingbut______(admit)tohisteacherthathewaswrong.exhaustedspeakingtakenlackingtosendtobesettledadmit,4)Withalotofdifficultproblems__tobesettled_(settle),thenewly-electedpresidentishavingahardtime.由于有許多難題將要被解決,這個新選的總統正在度過一個艱難時期。(tobedone將要被做)Withalotofdifficultproblemssettled,thenewly-electedpresidentfeelsgreatrelieved.由于有許多難題被解決了,新選的總統感覺十分放松/寬慰。(V-ed過去分詞這里表示被動,并且是已經完成了的動作)注意:語境不一樣,答案也會有所變化。
    高二英語語法復習第十章非謂語動詞講解
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